How Anchor Protocol’s High Staking Yield Sank Terra Luna | Are Nexo Loans & Celsius a HUGE Risk In 2022?

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How Anchor Protocol’s High Staking Yield (APY) Sank Terra Luna (UST) Ship 2022? Nexo Next? | Crypto Lender Celsius Seeks Safety

Luna and Terra, which are algorithmically designed stablecoins, weren’t always wrecked coins. They rose to fame last December as a ‘golden investment’ where 1 Luna was worth over $116. Remember, 1 stablecoin is pegged as $1. 

Luna’s popularity stemmed from a lending program called Anchor, which promised annual percentage yields (APY) of almost 20 per cent — obscenely high.

The Anchor protocol was similar to a savings account at a bank. For instance, say Alex owns $1000 worth of Terra coin, but instead of selling the coin or exchanging it in form of Luna, he wants to earn stable profits from his investment. So, Alex enters into an Anchor Pool, which promises to give a flat 20 per cent interest on his investment.

Now, say James wants to buy Terra coin but in the form of a loan, puts down some of his crypto assets as collateral. With some interest levied on him he buys Terra. The interest that he pays is then paid to Alex in the form of incentives. What is also interesting here is that borrowers, in this case, James also enjoyed some rewards on borrowing Terra coins.

Interestingly, more than 72 per cent of all Terra holders deposited their coins in Anchor. However, there were not enough borrowers of the Terra coin. The big question is: Where did all the money come from?

While Anchor’s enticing yield rates created a massive demand for Terra. Every other crypto investor flocked to buy Terra and deposited it for earning stabilised profits. Then a new proposal by Terra founders surfaced, which said that the rate of yield will change from 20 per cent, either it could be an increase or a decrease, that was not mentioned.

At that time, Anchor’s dashboard displayed that there was only one borrower for four lenders. This meant more supply but very less demand. The Terra founder started depositing funds in the Terra reserve to ensure that the supply and demand ratio matched. Essentially, the founder of the coin was buying more and more coins so that interest rates are been sent out to the investors. However, the rate of borrowers did not change.

When the demand and supply ratio broke, a rumour circulated that the investors can slice down on interest rate every month, which eventually led to people taking out their Terra coin from the Anchor and the majority of the people now started exchanging Terra for Luna.

During this time, crypto lending business Celsius had at least half a billion dollars of funds parked in Anchor Protocol but appears to have pulled all of it out over a frantic 24 hour period earlier this week.

Ultimately, the supply of Luna spiked, and its price plummeted. With more and more people dumping the Terra coin, the balancing mechanism stopped and both the coins—Terra and Luna crashed. According to Coinmarketcap, the Terra coin price dropped to a whopping 0.225 on May 11, meaning that what was meant to be a stablecoin lost almost 80 per cent of its value in a few days.

Could this happen with Crypto Lender Nexo?

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Chris Munch

Chris Munch is a professional cryptocurrency and blockchain writer with a background in software businesses, and has been involved in marketing within the cryptocurrency space. With a passion for innovation, Chris brings a unique and insightful perspective to the world of crypto and blockchain. Chris has a deep understanding of the economic, psychological, marketing and financial forces that drive the crypto market, and has made a number of accurate calls of major shifts in market trends. He is constantly researching and studying the latest trends and technologies, ensuring that he is always up-to-date on the latest developments in the industry. Chris’ writing is characterized by his ability to explain complex concepts in a clear and concise manner, making it accessible to a wide audience of readers.

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